Pluto’s icy, slushy heart

November 17, 2016 EP Staff 0

pluto_heart_0Data from New Horizons mission suggest a water-ice ocean lies beneath Pluto’s heart-shaped basin

by Jennifer Chu, MIT News Office

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Beneath Pluto’s “heart” lies a cold, slushy …

Faster programs, easier programming

November 12, 2016 EP Staff 0

New system lets nonexperts optimize programs that run on multiprocessor chips

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Dynamic programming is a technique that can yield relatively efficient solutions to computational problems in economics, …

A new twist on airplane wing design

November 4, 2016 EP Staff 0

“Morphing” wing could enable more efficient plane manufacturing and flight

by David L Chandler, MIT News Office

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — When the Wright brothers accomplished their first powered flight more …

Making computers explain themselves

October 29, 2016 EP Staff 0

New training technique would reveal the basis for machine-learning systems’ decisions

by Larry Hardesty, MIT News Office

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — In recent years, the best-performing systems in artificial-intelligence research have …

Molecular fMRI data showing signal changes from serotonin sensors in the absence (left) and presence (right) of the antidepressant Prozac, with each square denoting an individual brain voxel. Red squares indicate the signal has increased, as more serotonin is absorbed into neurons; blue squares indicate the signal has decreased, as less serotonin is absorbed into neurons. Dotted and solid lines graphed in each square show how the signal changes over time. The swirling black lines indicate features of the brain. A computer model uses this data to estimate neurotransmitter reuptake across the brCourtesy of the researchers

Mapping serotonin dynamics in the living brain

October 21, 2016 EP Staff 0

Imaging technique that creates 3-D video of serotonin transport could aid antidepressant development

by Rob Matheson, MIT News

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that’s partly responsible for feelings …

A new player in appetite control

October 18, 2016 EP Staff 0

Brain cells that provide structural support also influence feeding behavior, study shows

by Anne Trafton, MIT News

CAMBRIDGE, MA – MIT neuroscientists have discovered that brain cells called glial cells …

Water vapor sets some oxides aflutter

October 16, 2016 EP Staff 0

Newly discovered phenomenon could affect materials in batteries and water-splitting devices

by David L. Chandler, MIT News Office

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — When one type of an oxide structure called perovskite …

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