Category Archives: Science & Technology

Graphene holds up under high pressure

Used in filtration membranes, ultrathin material could help make desalination more productive by Jennifer Chu, MIT News Office CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — A single sheet of graphene, comprising an atom-thin lattice of carbon, may seem rather fragile. But engineers at MIT have found that the ultrathin material

High-speed images capture archer fish’s rocket-like launch 

Insights into the hydrodynamics of the move may improve underwater vehicle design by Jennifer Chu, MIT News Office CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — The archer fish is arguably the ninja of the aquatic world, known for its stealth-like, arrow-straight aim while shooting down unsuspecting prey. Once the fish

Researchers design coatings to prevent pipeline clogging

Solution developed at MIT could stop buildup of hydrate ices that slow or block oil and gas flow by David L. Chandler, MIT News Office CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — When the Deepwater Horizon oil rig suffered a catastrophic explosion and blowout on April 21, 2010, leading

Nanoparticles open new window for biological imaging

“Quantum dots” that emit infrared light enable highly detailed images of internal body structures by David L. Chandler, MIT News Office CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — For certain frequencies of short-wave infrared light, most biological tissues are nearly as transparent as glass. Now, researchers have made tiny particles

New technology can detect tiny ovarian tumors

“Synthetic biomarkers” could be used to diagnose ovarian cancer months earlier than now possible by Anne Trafton, MIT News Office CAMBRIDGE, MA — Most ovarian cancer is diagnosed at such late stages that patients’ survival rates are poor. However, if the cancer is detected earlier,

Study helps explain varying outcomes for cancer, Down Syndrome

Differences in chromosome number may underlie variation among genetically identical individuals by Helen Knight, MIT News correspondent CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Aneuploidy is a condition in which cells contain an abnormal number of chromosomes, and is known to be the cause of many types of cancer

Seeing black holes and beyond

Through an international effort led by MIT Haystack Observatory, the ALMA array in Chile has joined a global network of radio telescopes. by MIT WESTFORD, Mass. — A powerful new array of radio telescopes is being deployed for the first time this week, as the Atacama

A faster single-pixel camera

New technique greatly reduces the number of exposures necessary for “lensless imaging.” by Larry Hardesty, MIT News Office CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Compressed sensing is an exciting new computational technique for extracting large amounts of information from a signal. In one high-profile demonstration, for instance, researchers at

Faster page loads

System allocates data center bandwidth more fairly, so no part of a webpage lags behind others by Larry Hardesty, MIT News Office CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — A webpage today is often the sum of many different components. A user’s home page on a social-networking site, for instance,

Tiny bacterium provides window into whole ecosystems

Ubiquitous marine organism has co-evolved with other microbes, promoting more complex ecosystems by David L. Chandler, MIT News Office CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — William Blake may have seen a world in a grain of sand, but for scientists at MIT the smallest of all photosynthetic bacteria