Category Archives: Science & Technology

Robot detects pipe leaks while they’re easy to fix

Robot can inspect water or gas pipes from the inside to find leaks long before they become catastrophic BY DAVID L CHANDLER, MIT NEWS CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Access to clean, safe water is one of the world’s pressing needs, yet today’s water distribution systems lose

Study suggests route to improving rechargeable lithium batteries

Smooth surfaces may prevent harmful deposits from working their way into a solid electrolyte BY DAVID L CHANDLER, MIT NEWS CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Most of today’s lithium-ion batteries, which power everything from cars to phones, use a liquid as the electrolyte between two electrodes. Using

Metal-free MRI contrast agent could be safer for some patients

New agent could be used for certain high-risk groups and may enable longer-term tumor imaging by Anne Trafton, MIT News Office CAMBRIDGE, MA — To enhance the visibility of organs as they are scanned with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), patients are usually injected with a

New 3-D chip combines computing and data storage

Advance points toward new generation of computers for coming superstorm of data. by Helen Knight, MIT News correspondent CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — As embedded intelligence is finding its way into ever more areas of our lives, fields ranging from autonomous driving to personalized medicine are generating huge

Peering into neural networks

New technique helps elucidate the inner workings of neural networks trained on visual data by Larry Hardesty, MIT News Office CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Neural networks, which learn to perform computational tasks by analyzing large sets of training data, are responsible for today’s best-performing artificial intelligence systems,

Scientists produce dialysis membrane made from graphene

Material can filter nanometer-sized molecules at 10 to 100 times the rate of commercial membranes. by Jennifer Chu, MIT News Office CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Dialysis, in the most general sense, is the process by which molecules filter out of one solution, by diffusing through a membrane,

New technique makes brain scans better

Boosting quality of patient MRIs could enable large-scale studies of stroke outcome by Anne Trafton, MIT News Office CAMBRIDGE, MA – People who suffer a stroke often undergo a brain scan at the hospital, allowing doctors to determine the location and extent of the damage.

Shrinking data for surgical training

Technique that reduces video files to one-tenth their initial size enables speedy analysis of laparoscopic procedures by Larry Hardesty, MIT News Office CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Laparoscopy is a surgical technique in which a fiber-optic camera is inserted into a patient’s abdominal cavity to provide a video

Search for life: NASA introduces 10 new Earth-size planets

“Of roughly 50 near-Earth size habitable zone candidates detected by Kepler, more than 30 have been verified,” NASA said Here’s good news from NASA. The US space agency revealed Monday that there’re possibilities of life in 10 new planets which have the size of earth.

Learning with light: New system allows optical “deep learning”

Neural networks could be implemented more quickly using new photonic technology by David L. Chandler, MIT News Office CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — “Deep Learning” computer systems, based on artificial neural networks that mimic the way the brain learns from an accumulation of examples, have become a