4 in 10 have undesirable cholesterol levels: Metropolis Healthcare Study

>>An analysis of over 1, 23, 867 samples tested for lipid profile between the age group of 20 and 80 years revealed

mmtA recent study conducted by Metropolis Healthcare in Kochi revealed that 4 out of 10 samples tested from Kochi over a period of three years reported high cholesterol levels.

An analysis of over 1, 23, 867 samples tested for lipid profile between the age group of 20 and 80 years revealed

In order to understand the intensity of the disease, Metropolis Healthcare conducted a comprehensive data study; ahead of World Heart Day which falls on 29 September. The study included 1, 23, 867 random samples that were collected for a period of twelve months.

The most critical analysis arising from the study is that only over 10% of the samples tested had desirable HDL Levels. Even when cholesterol levels are absolutely normal, a low HDL level is unhealthy and needs to be treated and controlled by lifestyle alterations

Explaining more on this, Dr Nilesh Shah, Group President, Metropolis Healthcare said, “The incidence and prevalence of cardiovascular diseases have been steadily rising in India. The major factors attributed to this are changes in lifestyle, lack of exercise, consumption of non-nutritious food, increased stress level, smoking and irrational use of tobacco. As there are no substantial symptoms, a thorough check up of cholesterol levels is of utmost importance to keep a track of good health. Prolonged working hours, hectic commute and growing incidence of obesity along with sedentary lifestyle are also one of the reasons for population to be more prone to heart ailments.”

Data Analysis from Samples Tested in Cochin revealed

Only 10% of samples tested had desirable levels of Good Cholesterol

4 in 10 people have high levels of cholesterol

5 in 10 people had high levels of LDL Cholesterol (Bad Cholesterol)

3 in 10 people have high levels of triglycerides

Age Group 20-80 In %
Parameter Borderline Desirable High Very Low
Cholesterol Total 26.03 61.47 12.50  
HDL Cholesterol 56.49 11.80   31.71
LDL Cholesterol 31.29 55.03 13.68  
Triglycerides 15.40 69.23 15.37  

 

Gender Borderline Desirable High Very Low
Cholesterol
F 26.59 59.54 13.88  
M 25.61 62.88 11.51  
HDL Cholesterol
F 60.85 19.04   20.11
M 53.34 6.53   40.13
LDL Cholesterol
F 21.30 64.01 14.69  
M 21.30 65.81 12.89  
Triglycerides
F 13.27 77.26 9.47  
M 16.94 63.41 19.65  

Know your Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a fat-like substance (lipid) that is present in cell membranes and is a precursor of bile acids and steroid hormones. Normally cholesterol travels in the blood in distinct particles containing both lipid and proteins (lipoproteins). In modern times, non-HDL cholesterol (non-HDL-C) has become a commonly used marker for a blood lipid pattern associated with increased risk of heart disease.

High blood cholesterol and triglyceride – High cholesterol is a condition in which high amount of cholesterol is present in the blood; usually there are no signs or symptoms. People with high blood cholesterol level have higher chances of developing cardiac risk. This results in development of plaques in the arteries.

Plaques are basically a substance made of fat, cholesterol which clogs the arteries depriving heart and brain from getting good amount of oxygen leading to Atherosclerosis; this increases the chances of heart attack or stroke. The higher level of HDL (sometimes called good cholesterol) in the blood lowers the chances of developing heart disease.

Low-density lipoprotein (LDL). or “bad,” cholesterol transports cholesterol particles throughout your body. LDL cholesterol builds up in the walls of your arteries, making them hard and narrow.

High-density lipoprotein is often referred to as “good” cholesterol. HDL picks up excess cholesterol in your blood and takes it back to your liver where it’s broken down and removed from your body.

Triglycerides and cholesterol are separate types of lipids that circulate in your blood. Triglycerides store unused calories and provide your body with energy, and cholesterol is used to build cells and certain hormones. Because triglycerides and cholesterol can’t dissolve in blood, they circulate throughout your body with the help of proteins that transport the lipids (lipoproteins). High triglycerides are often a sign of other conditions that increase the risk of heart disease and stroke as well, including obesity and metabolic syndrome — a cluster of conditions that includes too much fat around the waist, high blood pressure, high triglycerides, high blood sugar and abnormal cholesterol levels.

Various factors can impact the cholesterol levels in one’s blood leading to high levels of LDL cholesterol. Research suggests that lack of exercise and inactivity also affects cholesterol levels in the body, which is very necessary to boost levels of HDL cholesterol in the blood, simultaneously making LDL less harmful. Getting the right diagnosis done and having it monitored by your doctor helps leading a healthy life.

 

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