IIT-Kanpur student Asish Mohandas is the first winner of James Dyson Award India
>> Retrofit patient transfer system wins the first edition of James Dyson Award India
New Delhi: James Dyson Foundation has announced the first ever Indian winner of the James Dyson Award- Asish Mohandas, product design student of IIT, Kanpur for his innovative product, MAATTAM, retrofit patient transfer system.
Asish Mohandas witnessed the plight and pain of an old lady while being shifted from one stretcher to another by lifting. Upon researching further and speaking to more than 50 people including doctors, nurses, ward boys etc., it became evident that there is no existing patient transfer mechanism that can efficiently transfer patients without causing any pain to the patients.
With the aim to solve this problem, and to eliminate involvement of manual labour in shifting patient, Asish designed MAATTAM retrofit patient transfer system as a part of his final year degree project. MAATTAM, RETROFIT PATIENT TRANSFER SYSTEM has been selected as this year’s winner for India James Dyson Award 2017 and will now be running for the International Winner Award and prize money of £30000.
This product is of particular importance to India as Healthcare has become one of India’s largest sectors – both in terms of revenue and employment. Healthcare in India is also cost competitive compared to its peers in Asia and Western countries. The cost of surgery in India is about one-tenth of that in the US or Western Europe making it a hotbed for medical tourism. Even though Indian hospitals are cater to such large numbers of patients from India and abroad, they are still following the old mechanism for patient handling often causing inconvenience and pain to the patients. The product has huge potential in other global markets as well as Healthcare is amongst the biggest sectors for every economy.
Run by the James Dyson Foundation, James Dyson Award operates in 23 countries – this year the hunt extended to India for the first time. The James Dyson Award looks for remarkable yet simple designs with the potential to have a huge impact on society. The James Dyson Award is also Dyson’s way to encourage and invest in the engineering talent from various countries.
“I resolved to design MAATTAM as I surveyed amongst doctors, nurses, ward boys to conclude that the majority of hospitals and clinics in India does not have efficient stretcher that transfers patient without any pain. I wanted to design a simple, affordable and retrofit solution which would most appropriately solve the problem of patient transfer in hospitals and create a better experience, every time the patient is getting transferred. It will also ensure evading the problem of spine disorders while shifting. I strongly felt that creating medical equipment like this would impact and help the needy at large.” said Asish Mohandas.
The mechanism works similar to a treadmill having a moving platform with a wide conveyor fabric belt and rollers on either ends. MAATTAM being a retrofit can be put on top of any wheeled stretcher with flat top surface and height adjustment facility, converting it into a transfer stretcher. To check the functionality a 1:2 scale prototype was fabricated and was tested by transferring a mannequin and was later tested with a human body, by transferring the child from a rest unit to the stretcher.
MAATTAM, Retrofit Patient Transfer System will receive £2,000 along with James Dyson Award Certificate from the James Dyson Foundation, and progress to the international stage of the award.
Asish aims to commercialise this product and is in process of developing the full-scale model of the retrofit stretcher which would be able to transfer an adult of height up to 180 cm and weight of maximum 95 kg. He is also planning to further tweak the model to be used for transferring accident victims on the road. There is a large occurrence of worsening the condition of accident victims due to mishandling of victims from road to hospitals due to ineffective patient handling mechanisms.
Accompanying MAATTAM are four Indian runners-up: Eco Friendly faucet, Railroad crack detection bot, QuiSmo and Saviour.
Eco Friendly Faucet, designed by Manipal University, engineering student Sandesh Manik, is an innovative faucet design that incorporates the method of atomization (the process of breaking down a continuous flow of water into tiny droplets, traveling at a high velocity) of water in a new and efficient way. It helps in reducing the amount of water being used while washing hands by up to 95% in the same time limit as a conventional faucet.
Railroad crack detection bot, which is designed by Anoubhav Agarwal along with his team members Shashwat Sahoo, Kavan Savla, Harsh Parekh and Yash Patil, students of Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, is a robot that can detect cracks which are big enough to cause derailments and also saves the data. Railways hold a vital position in the inland travel and transport scenario in India but it faces one major hindrance of maintaining the safe rail tracks. Therefore, this robot treads along the inside of a rail track while using ultrasound technology detects the crack and it retrieves the data when reached earmarked station to initiate repair work at the earliest. This is a quicker, time saving and effective way to detect and maintain railroad cracks.
QuiSmo, conceptualized by CEPT University, Ahmedabad student, Madhu Priya and School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi student Anshumala Mishra, is a wearable gadget which aids the user to “Quit Smoking” by monitoring their smoke intake. The product is a ring-shaped electronic gadget with inbuilt smoke sensors synced to the wearer’s mobile device.
The ring has small parallel openings which enables the smoke to enter the ring and trigger the piezoelectric sensor. The sensor sends out pulses which can be recorded and translated to quantity of smoke potentially inhaled through the use of a special algorithm. The data is then sent to the app which translates the quantity into an easy to understand format by explaining the damage done to various parts of the body in real time and throughout the week.
QuiSmo is the first of its kind anti-smoking gadget which not only sends periodic reminders to quit smoking but also measures the user’s smoke consumption whether direct or passive and alerts them of the critical smoke inhalation based on their biological profile.
Saviour, designed by Chemical Engineering students Naman Singhal and his team members Rishabh Babeley, Jagjeet Shyamkunwar and Vikram Kumar Jha from IIT BHU Varanasi, is a helmet that is designed in a way that makes it mandatory for the driver to wear them in order to start their two-wheeler.
There are two modules of this product, one is in helmet and the second module is fitted onto the two-wheeler. The helmet gets switched on by putting the strap and the sensor inside helmet detects the presence of a human which ensures that the rider has worn the helmet ultimately sending the signal wirelessly to switch on the bike. Also, an accelerometer and crash sensors detect accidents and send the nearby ambulance to the victim’s location.
The James Dyson Award runs in 23 countries. The contest is open to university level students (and recent graduates) studying product design, industrial design and engineering.
The award encourages ideas that challenge convention, lean engineering – less is more, and design with the environment in mind. The best inventions are simple and practical yet provide a solution to a real world problem. A national winner is selected for every country the award runs in, before going through to the final phase where the international winner is chosen by James Dyson.
The award is run by the James Dyson Foundation, a registered charity set up in 2002 which exists to inspire and support the next generation of engineers.